Culture

Dalmatia is the biggest Croatian tourist region, in whose waters are as many as 926 islands, islets, rocks and reefs. The stone labyrinth of stone walls in a number of vineyards and olive groves follow you through all three parts of the region - North, Central and Southern Dalmatia. In each you can expect the unique cultural heritage of Mediterranean cities and diverse charms of unspoiled nature. Dalmatia is known for its relaxed atmosphere, historical sites, natural beauty, numerous islands and bays that leave you breathless. This area is rich in historical monuments, the leftovers from ancient times onwards, churches and shrines.

Diocletian's Palace - Split

Diocletian's Palace is one of the best preserved Roman monuments in the world. Diocletian's Palace is the ancient palace of Emperor Diocletian in Split. The remains of the palace today are part of the historic center of Split, which is on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in Europe in 1979. 

Around the year 300 the Palace was raised by the Roman emperor Diocletian, and it was his residence following the withdrawal from the throne (305.g) to death (316.g). The emperor's palace was built as a combination of a luxurious villa - the summer residence and a Roman military camp (castrum), divided into four parts by two main streets. It is interesting that the last legitimate Western Roman Emperor, Julius Nepos, was poisoned within the Diocletian's Palace.

Split's cathedral, among European cathedrals has the oldest building - the mausoleum of the Roman Emperor Diocletian. Mausoleum became a Christian cathedral at the end of the 7th century. The bell tower of the Cathedral of St. Duje (57 m) is the most original Dalmatian medieval structure started in the 13th century. The bell tower was completely rebuilt and slightly modified at the late 19th and early 20th century. Today, the visitors can climb the stairs to the top of the bell tower, which offers a spectacular view of the city of Split.

Ancient Salona - Solin

Salona was an ancient city and capital of Roman province on the Dalmatian coast located in modern-day Croatia. The name Salona preserves the language of the early inhabitants of this area whom the Romans called Dalmatae, and considered to be part of a larger group called Illyrians. Salona (or Salon) is situated near today's town of Solin, about 5 km from Split.

In the first millennium BCE, the Greeks had set up an emporion (marketplace) there. After the conquest by the Romans, Salona became the capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia. Salona was largely destroyed in the invasions of the Avars and Slavs in the sixth and seventh centuries CE. Refugees from Salona settled inside the remains of Diocletian's Palace.

The ruins are relatively unvisited which allows you to calmly commune with the spirits of centuries past. The most impressive ruin is the 2nd-century amphitheatre which was destroyed by the Venetians in the 17th century. At one time it could accommodate 18,000 spectators and who knows how many gladiators fighting bears.
Also interesting is the Manastirine, a burial place for early Christian martyrs (torn apart by lions?) which is part of an archaeological reserve which includes the Tusculum Museum.

Other remains from the early Christian period include the remains of a cemetery basilica that dates from the 4th century and the ruins of a three-nave cathedral with an octagonal baptistery. You'll notice remains of a covered aqueduct from the 1st century, public baths and other ancient churches. There's also a small museum near the entrance which sometimes has informative leaflets.

Trogir - UNESCO's town

Trogir (lat. Tragurium) is a historic town and harbour on the Adriatic coast 27km west from Split. Since 1997, the historic centre of Trogir has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Trogir has 2300 years of continuous urban tradition. Its culture was created under the influence of the ancient Greeks, and then the Romans, and Venetians. Trogir has a high concentration of palaces, churches, and towers, as well as a fortress on a small island.

Trogir is the best-preserved Romanesque-Gothic complex not only in the Adriatic, but in all of Central Europe. Trogir's medieval core, surrounded by walls, comprises a preserved castle and tower and a series of dwellings and palaces from the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque periods. Trogir's grandest building is the church of St. Lawrence, whose main west portal is a masterpiece by Radovan, and the most significant work of the Romanesque-Gothic style in Croatia.

The most important sites include:

Historical city core, with about 10 churches and numerous buildings from the 13th century
The city gate (17th century) and city walls (15th century)
The Fortress Kamerlengo (15th century)
The Duke's Palace (13th century)
The Cathedral (13th century) with the Portal of Master Radovan, the unique work of this Croatian artist
The big and small palaces Cipiko from the 15th century
The city loggia from 15th century

Fortress of Klis

The Klis Fortress (Croatian: Tvrđava Klis) is a medieval fortress situated above a village bearing the same name, near the city of Split, in central Dalmatia, Croatia. From its origin as a small stronghold built by the ancient Illyrian tribe Dalmatae, becoming a royal castle that was the seat of many Croatian kings, to its final development as a large fortress during the Ottoman wars in Europe, Klis Fortress has guarded the frontier, being lost and re-conquered several times throughout its more-than-two-thousand-year-long history. Due to its location on a pass that separates the mountains Mosor and Kozjak, the fortress served as a major source of defense in Dalmatia, especially against the Ottoman advance, and has been a key crossroad between the Mediterranean belt and the Balkan rear.

Fortica's fortress - Omis

Fortica Fortress is located on the top of Dinara Mountain. The tower offers a view of the entire city, Cetina canyon to the islands of Brac, Hvar, Solta and middle part of Poljica. At the time, it provided a good view of the pirates who are from the fortress could monitor a large sea and land area. The fortress defenders protected the city, or in the event that the enemy wins the town were ready with stone boulders from the top of the mountains. The fortress can be reached following the path with signs for about 20 minutes.

Omis's pirates were the terror of the Adriatic and frequently attacked the papal galleys, merchant ships of Venice, Dubrovnik, Kotor, Split and other then-force. After defeat in the Second Crusade, which was led by the Venetians against the Omis pirates in 1286, piracy slowly started to extinguish.

The Church of St. Michael is full of interesting works of art and it is mandatory to have to visit. In the square outside the church were held a variety of musical and cultural events including the famous Festival of Dalmatian songs which is a real treat for lovers of harmony singing.

It is interesting to visit the old cemetery located east of the city center. The oldest tombs are dating back to 1515. There are also sarcophagi from the Roman era and is really interesting to see this piece of history.